Rudolf Carnap, Otto Neurath, Carl Hempel and other renown members of this philosophical brotherhood reflect on the peculiarities of scientific activity and also on its method, which they conceiv as a means of crucial relevance to develop the research process in systematic terms. scientific. Carl Hempel, in his book Philosophy of Natural Science , explain in some detail the structure of scientific research in the field of nature, dealing, for example, with the hypothetical ductive structure of some laws of science, with probabilistic hypotheses. , and the role of induction in the scientific research process.
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It is already a classic passage, the one in which Hempel illustrates the steps of the scientific method by bringing up the famous case of Dr. Semmelweis, a doctor of Hungarian origin who in the mid-19th century dicat enormous efforts to investigating the causes of puerperal fever, which in At that time, when there was no theoretical business database framework that explain infectious processes bas on microbiological causes, it constitut a terrifying threat for pregnant women. According to approaches like this, epistemology sought to highlight the rational, objective and systematic aspect of science and the method us in its context.
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The research work develop by scientists and their contributions to knowlge were fundamentally defin by what was call “justification context”, that is, the structure of a theory, its adjustment and verification were defin through procures. logical and strict verification operations that ultimately referr scientific Phone Number My concepts to the plane of experience. But in the course of development of this type of research, philosophers have also stood out who, on the opposite shore, have deni that the scientific enterprise is a process in which the progressive accumulation of knowlge can be seen, as Thomas Kuhn maintain.